Forest Utilization and Engineering Reviewer [Practice Test 2]

This Forestry Licensure Exam reviewer contains 50 questions related to the subject area: Forest Utilization and Engineering.

Instruction: Choose the best answer from the choices on each question by clicking on it. Immediately after choosing an answer, it will reveal if you’re correct or wrong. At the end of the test, it will also show how many items you got right including the percentage average.

  • Question of

    A collective term for logging and processing wastes.

    • residuals
    • thinnings
    • woodwastes
    • culls
  • Question of

    It is an indication of the amount of wood substance contained in a given volume of the material. It is the best measure of the strength quality of wood.

    • specific gravity
    • equilibrium moisture content
    • density
    • fiber saturation
  • Question of

    A mechanical or other set-up used to impregnate or coat wood with chemicals in pressure or immersion tank to increase the service life of wood.

    • dryer
    • wood treating plant
    • preservative
    • seasoning
  • Question of

    One of the best natural resins used in varnish and paint manufacture derived from almaciga trees.

    • Manila copal
    • Manila elemi
    • balau
    • turpentine
  • Question of

    The central portion of a log left in the process of producing veneer sheets with the use of rotary lathe.

    • log ends
    • log core
    • core board
    • brash center
  • Question of

    A special type of map which shows, by the use of suitable symbols, the configuration of the earth’s surface called relief, other natural features such as trees and streams and the physical changes brought upon the earth’s surface by the works of man, such as houses, roads, etc.

    • topographic map
    • hydrographic map
    • land-use map
    • geographic map
  • Question of

    The process of converting hydrocarbon compounds at high temperature into a solid residue rich in carbon.

    • lignification
    • hydrogenation
    • vaporization
    • destructive distillation or carbonization
  • Question of

    A cementing agent that binds the cellulose together to form wood.

    • lignin
    • glue
    • starch
    • cell wall
  • Question of

    A device used in finding areas in maps

    • triangle
    • pantograph
    • engineer’s scale
    • planimeter
  • Question of

    The volume of log input needed to sustain the operation of a wood processing plant at attainable capacity for a period of one (1) year.

    • annual log requirement
    • annual growth
    • allowable cut
    • log production
  • Question of

    A defect characterized by irregular and abnormal shrinkage, which occurs above the fiber saturation point. It is due to buckling and crushing of the cell walls.

    • heartcheck
    • collapse
    • butt rot
    • warping
  • Question of

    Part of a sawmill set-up which is essentially a vehicle used to carry the log while it is being fed into the saw for conversion into lumber.

    • carriage
    • gangsaw
    • edger
    • trimmer
  • Question of

    A non-elastic rubber derived from the latex of several members of the genus Palaquium.

    • Manila copal
    • Gutta percha
    • balau
    • Manila elemi
  • Question of

    The term used to describe any distortion from the true plane that may occur in a piece of wood during seasoning.

    • warping
    • collapse
    • brash center
    • casehardening
  • Question of

    An abnormal type of wood generally found in leaning stems and branches of softwoods and hardwoods.

    • knot
    • canker
    • burl
    • reaction wood
  • Question of

    Which of the following families produces softwood species?

    • Meliaceae
    • Podocarpaceae
    • Leguminosae
    • Verbenaceae
  • Question of

    A theoretical state of which all the free water has evaporated leaving only the bound water in the cell wall.

    • shrinkage
    • fiber saturation point
    • relative humidity
    • equilibrium moisture content
  • Question of

    In a glue mix, these are usually inert or relatively non-adhesive substances added to the adhesive to improve its working properties, permanence, strength and other qualities.

    • extenders
    • fillers
    • paint
    • varnish
  • Question of

    The extractable material in certain plants having the ability to convert hide into leather.

    • tannin
    • lignin
    • gum resin
    • exudates
  • Question of

    These are living organisms belonging to the Mollusk and Crustaceans which inhabit salt and brackish water and inflict extensive damage on submerged wooden structures or those exposed to low tide.

    • termites
    • beetles
    • fungi
    • marine borers
  • Question of

    The abnormal wood produced in the upper side of leaning stems of hardwood.

    • bump
    • unsound wood
    • tension wood
    • compression wood
  • Question of

    Water in the wood that is associated with the cell wall material, the removal of which below the fiber saturation point cause the cell wall to shrink.

    • bound water
    • free water
    • water vapor
    • moisture meter
  • Question of

    Which of the following species produces the hardest and heaviest wood?

    • Ceiba Pentandra
    • Vitex parviflora
    • Xanthostemon verdugonianus
    • Sterculia cermanica
  • Question of

    One of the premium hardwood species commonly used in furniture and paneling for export.

    • Pterocarpus indicus
    • Albizzia falcataria
    • Shorea squamata
    • Pinus insularis
  • Question of

    Lumber that has been surfaced by a planing machine for purposes of attaining smoothness of surfaces and uniformity of size on one edge or a combination of sides and edges.

    • worked lumber
    • patterned lumber
    • matched lumber
    • dressed lumbe
  • Question of

    It is defined as the amount of deviation from a straight line drawn from end to end of the log, over and above the amount of taper. It is a gradual curve extending to the whole length of the log.

    • sweep
    • center rot
    • crook
    • ring shake
  • Question of

    It is the vertical distance to points or objects above the earth’s surface.

    • control point
    • elevation
    • altitude
    • flying height
  • Question of

    An unedged lumber produced from a log which has been sawn without passing through the edger and stickered back into its original form.

    • pallet
    • timber
    • flitch
    • boule
  • Question of

    The presence of this in wood causes deleterious effects on working tools.

    • tyloses
    • crystals
    • silica
    • resins
  • Question of

    Water in the cells wall materials of wood is called bound water while those in the cell lumina is called

    • moisture content
    • free water
    • humidity
    • water vapor
  • Question of

    It is a term used to indicate the rate of flow of gases and fluids in wood.

    • absorption
    • swelling
    • permeability
    • fluidity
  • Question of

    Lumber cut so that the wide face of the board is principally radial is called:

    • plan sawn
    • dressed lumber
    • flat sawn
    • quarter sawn
  • Question of

    On the other hand, lumber cut so that the wide face of the board is tangential is said to be

    • quarter sawn
    • edge-grained
    • plain sawn
    • tongued and grooved
  • Question of

    It consists of cells which serve as storage and conduction of food materials; these cells contain living protoplasm while they are in the sapwood, but lose their protoplasm when the sapwood is transformed into heartwood.

    • wood parenchyma
    • vessels
    • wood rays
    • resin canals
  • Question of

    A warping defect defined as a longitudinal curvature, flatwise, from a straight line, drawn from end to end of the piece.

    • case hardening
    • check
    • bowing
    • shak
  • Question of

    A yarding technique which is considered more destructive compared to truck logging or tractor logging.

    • skidding
    • hauling
    • siwash
    • high lead
  • Question of

    When a log scale exceeds the lumber output, it is said to be:

    • over run
    • mill tally
    • under run
    • 100% utilization
  • Question of

    Bark or the lack of wood from any cause on the edge or corner of a piece of lumber.

    • wane
    • miscut
    • slab
    • cat-face
  • Question of

    It is a broad term for various kinds of sheet materials very much thicker than paper and made from wood fibers or other vegetable products:

    • plywood
    • fiberboard
    • plyboard
    • veneer
  • Question of

    Deformation of the boards where the surface or edges are not lying on the same plane:

    • collapse
    • splits
    • warp
    • honey combing
  • Question of

    A machine which converts sawmill wastes not otherwise used, such as slabs, edgings, trimmings, defective boards and miscuts into small roughly sized pieced to be used for fuel.

    • wood hog
    • feed work
    • resaw
    • ripper
  • Question of

    What is the moisture content of a piece of wood if the green weight is 200 grams and the ovendry weight is 160 grams?

    • 50%
    • 25%
    • 15%
    • 40%
  • Question of

    Uneven shrinkage, usually developing in squares in which the growth increments extend diagonally so that the faces of the piece are neither flat nor edge-grained. This defect is due to the discrepancy existing between radial and tangential shrinkage.

    • bowing
    • twisting
    • diamonding
    • cupping
  • Question of

    Principal chemical constituent of the cell walls; complex carbohydrate occurring in the form of polymer chains.

    • lignin
    • cellulose
    • holocellulose
    • alpha cellulose
  • Question of

    Wood shrinks and swells as a result of the change in moisture content below fiber saturation point. It has been shown that for each percent decrease in moisture content from FSP wood shrinks about:

    • 1/2 of the total possible shrinkage
    • 1/25 of the total possible shrinkage
    • 1/30 of the total possible shrinkage
    • 1/5 of the total possible shrinkage
  • Question of

    By the 3-4-5 method, the lengths of the opposite and adjacent sides are 66 and 88 meters, respectively. The length of the 3rd side is

    • 93 meters
    • 99 meters
    • 120 meters
    • 110 meters
  • Question of

    One of the premium hardwood species commonly used in furniture making and paneling.

    • bakauan
    • apitong
    • narra
    • molave
  • Question of

    A hardwood species commonly used for matchsticks and chopsticks

    • yemane
    • gubas
    • taluto
    • yakal
  • Question of

    The observed dimensional changes in wood are unequal along the three structural directions. This phenomenon is an indication that wood is

    • anisotropic
    • isotropic
    • hygroscopic
    • microscopic
  • Question of

    Skidding or forwarding to move the log from stumps area to roadside is the commonly used method where grades do not exceed:

    • 60%
    • 70%
    • 80%
    • 100%

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